By Ian Miller
This booklet is Open entry lower than a CC by means of license.
It is the 1st monograph-length research of the force-feeding of starvation strikers in English, Irish and northerly Irish prisons. It examines moral debates that arose during the 20th century while governments approved the force-feeding of imprisoned suffragettes, Irish republicans and convict prisoners. It additionally explores the fraught position of legal medical professionals known as upon to accomplish the technique. because the domestic workplace first accepted force-feeding in 1909, a few questions were raised concerning the approach. Is force-feeding secure? Can it kill? Are medical professionals who feed prisoners opposed to their will forsaking the scientific moral norms in their career? And do kingdom our bodies use felony medical professionals to assist take on political dissidence every now and then of political crisis?
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Extra info for A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909-1974
Prison hunger strikes were entirely different. 26 Moreover, their decisions to abstain from eating were premeditated, deliberate, and political. 27 Their protests offered a new articulation of militant violence, albeit one directed inwardly towards the body of the female protestor. ETHICAL DILEMMAS Force-feeding created a pronounced ethical debate widely discussed by doctors, suffragettes, politicians, journalists, and literary figures. Between 1909 and 1914, English prison medicine became a very public affair.
37 Expert uncertainty about the safety of feeding technologies, even in clinical contexts, granted the suffragettes opportunities to converse with concerned medical professionals who, although not necessarily attracted to the issue of female enfranchisement, felt uneasy about the state’s harnessing of prison medicine. The suffrage cause and the medical profession were not obviously allied. Nonetheless, medical opinion offered a powerful resource for fortifying anti-force-feeding rhetoric. At the heart of force-feeding controversies also rested the thorny matter of whether or not prison doctors were obliged to perform the procedure as part of their medical duty.
Many were actively campaigning against certain medical activities. 29 As historian Martin Weiner argues, the disciplinary face of Victorian medicine, expressed through its support for compulsory vaccination and venereal examination of prostitutes, meant that the disciplinary tendencies of the prison medical service did not necessarily conflict with the values or world views of the medical profession more generally. 30 Nonetheless, for some, force-feeding was a step too far. 32 All of these seemed to have some discernible therapeutic value.
A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909-1974 by Ian Miller
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