By Kevin C. Elliott

ISBN-10: 0190260807

ISBN-13: 9780190260804

ISBN-10: 0190260815

ISBN-13: 9780190260811

The function of values in clinical examine has develop into a massive subject of dialogue in either scholarly and renowned debates. Pundits around the political spectrum fear that examine on themes like weather swap, evolutionary concept, vaccine safeguard, and genetically converted meals has turn into overly politicized. even as, it really is transparent that values play a tremendous position in technological know-how via restricting unethical kinds of examine and via finding out what components of analysis have the best relevance for society. determining tips on how to distinguish valid and illegitimate affects of values in clinical examine is an issue of significant importance.
Recently, philosophers of technology have written greatly in this subject, yet such a lot in their paintings has been directed towards a scholarly viewers. This publication makes the modern philosophical literature on technological know-how and values obtainable to a large readership. It examines case reviews from various learn components, together with weather technology, anthropology, chemical probability overview, ecology, neurobiology, biomedical learn, and agriculture. those circumstances exhibit that values have valuable roles to play in picking out learn subject matters, picking out study questions, opting for the goals of inquiry, responding to uncertainty, and determining the best way to speak info.
Kevin Elliott focuses not only on describing roles for values but additionally on picking while their impacts are literally acceptable. He emphasizes numerous stipulations for incorporating values in a valid model, and highlights a number of suggestions for fostering engagement among stakeholders in order that worth affects should be subjected to cautious and important scrutiny.

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Extra resources for A tapestry of values: an introduction to values in science

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Harding (2015) emphasizes that one can abandon the value-​free ideal while continuing to promote scientific objectivity. The Woburn case is discussed in Brown and Mikkelsen (1990) and in Harr (1995). Citizen involvement in research is discussed more extensively in ­chapters 3 and 7 of this book. A n I n t r o d u c t i o n t o Va l u e s i n S c i e n c e [ 17 ] 18 19 CHAPTER 2 What Should We Study? O n February 21, 2006, Lawrence “Larry” Summers announced that he would resign from his position as president of Harvard University at the end of the school year.

The phenomenon of endocrine disruption and Colborn’s work on it [ 16 ] A Tapestry of Values 17 is described in Colborn, Dumanoski, and Myers (1996), Elliott (2011b), and Krimsky (2000). For more on Merton’s discussion of scientific norms, see Merton (1942). Koertge (1998) provides an analysis of the Science Wars. Discussions about the roles of values in studying chemical pollution can be found in Cranor (1990, 1993), Douglas (2009), and Elliott (2011b). For an introduction to the concepts of values, value judgments, and epistemic values, see Douglas (2009, 2015), Elliott (2011b), Elliott and Steel (2017), Longino (1990), and Steel (2010).

Given all these potential worries with the fair-​share principle, Reiss and Kitcher wisely challenge our current system for funding biomedical research not only for its failure to address the needs of people in low-​income countries but also because of the ways it fails those in wealthy countries. From a practical perspective, it is probably much easier to improve the medical situation of those in low-​income countries by promoting changes that benefit the people in wealthy countries at the same time.

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