By Richard M. Freeland
This e-book examines the evolution of yankee universities through the years following global battle II. Emphasizing the significance of switch on the campus point, the booklet combines a common attention of nationwide developments with an in depth learn of 8 assorted universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston college, Boston university, Northeastern and the collage of Massachusetts. large analytic chapters study significant advancements like enlargement, the increase of graduate schooling and learn, the professionalization of the school, and the decline of normal schooling. those chapters additionally evaluation criticisms of academia that arose within the overdue Sixties and the destiny of assorted reform proposals throughout the Nineteen Seventies. extra chapters specialize in the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other kinds of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city inner most universities and public universities--in responding to the situations of the postwar years.
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Extra info for Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, 1945-1970
The need or desire for supplementary help inspired efforts to broaden bases of support. Such initiatives, in turn, frequently modified—and sometimes compromised—the schools' initial purposes. It was only a matter of time before campus drives for survival and development brought the area's schools into competition for resources with each other and with other colleges and universities outside the region. 38 Efforts to attract students from the immediate vicinity provided an early context for interinstitutional competition.
C. were resolutely local in orientation. , provided housing for a significant proportion of its enrollees. " The competition for students was especially intense among institutions characterized by modest academic reputations, heavy reliance on tuition payments, and weak claims on the loyalty of particular college-going constituencies. Schools that combined these circumstances with a limited array of undergraduate offerings were vulnerable to shifts of curricular fashion. , and Northeastern all needed to expand enrollments to earn more revenue, and all three did so by diversifying their programs to reach additional clienteles.
Lawrence in western New York. The existence of St. Lawrence also weakened Tufts's attractiveness to graduates of Universalist secondary schools, a problem deepened by the declining importance of these feeder institutions as the public schools grew. Pressed, Tufts's leaders sought supplementary sources of enrollments and financing, especially within the commonwealth. Programs were designed to attract local students unable to afford Harvard or interested in a more practical form of education than was available there.
Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, 1945-1970 by Richard M. Freeland
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