By Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko
The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key occasion of the 20 th century. The thirty ninth IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 keen on reasons and effects of this occasion and on shifts on the earth order that in its wake. This quantity is an attempt to chart those advancements in empirical and conceptual phrases. It has a spotlight at the lands of the previous Soviet Union but additionally explores pathways and contexts within the moment global at huge. The Soviet Union was once an entire scale test in growing an alternate modernity. The implosion of this union gave upward thrust to new states looking for nationwide id. At a time while a few observers heralded the tip of heritage, there has been a rediscovery of old legacies and a look for new paths of improvement around the former moment global. In a few components of this international long-repressed legacies have been rediscovered. They have been occasionally, as when it comes to nations in East important Europe, equipped round stories of parliamentary democracy and its alternative via authoritarian rule in the course of the interwar interval. a few legacies observed efforts at constructing statehood within the wake of the 1st international struggle, others to nationwide upheavals within the 19th century and prior. In critical Asia and lots of components of the Caucasus the cultural history of Islam in its various forms gave upward thrust to new markers of id but in addition to violent contestations. In South Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have embarked upon surprisingly various, yet consistently contingent, paths of improvement. Analogously middle elements of the outdated union have undergone tumultuous, yet till the final 12 months and a part principally cold, variations. The crystallization of divergent paths of improvement within the biggest republics of that union, i.e. Russia and Ukraine, has ushered in divergent nationwide imaginations but additionally in sequence of bloody confrontations.
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Extra info for After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways
Therefore, theories of rational choice or market behaviour are not applicable to post-soviet countries. Atanesyan states that the population of the Challenges Of The Disappearance Of The “second World” 17 post-soviet republics has a different type of rationality, one that is oriented towards solving short-term problems. Even when people understand that their short-term rationality (for example accepting bribes for voting for someone) contradicts their morality, they pursue this path as it provides them with some short-term benefit (money).
Perhaps we can help scholars in for instance Kyrgyzstan, serving as sparring partners, in their use of select classics. In regions of strong religious cleavages, Pufendorf might in fact be useful, as he was the first social thinker to launch a “secular” (sort of) way to analyse civil society, in the wake of the experiences of the the Thirty Years’ War. The first chapter, “The Significance of Myrdal for Post-1989 Transformations,” by Sven Eliaeson outlines the relevance of Gunnar Myrdal, his concepts and tools and suggestions.
Still, for scholars in social science and history, it is important to understand and reconsider the past events that put an end to the previous epoch of Communism. ” There are many interpretations of the background to the sudden collapse and the post-Communist aftermath in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet republics as well. Some of them are based on pure economic reasoning (E. Gaidar, A. Åslund), others on a combination of internal and external factors (K. Dawisha), or nationalism (A.
After the Soviet Empire: Legacies and Pathways by Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko
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