By Aleš Prokop, Rakesh K. Bajpai, Mark E. Zappi
Algae provide capability to provide renewable chemical compounds and fuels utilizing solar power and carbon dioxide from surroundings or in flue gases whereas concurrently lowering the iteration of greenhouse gases. because those may be grown on marginal lands with micronutrients and macronutrients frequently found in waste streams, algae-based chemical compounds and fuels don't compete with meals. nonetheless large-scale creation of algae-based fuels and chemical substances faces enormous technological and not pricey demanding situations and it can via necessity require a biorefinery procedure in which the entire attainable algal elements are switched over into value-added compounds. the current sequence on algal biorefineries represents a discussion board for reporting the state-of-the-art of other applied sciences in addition to the most recent advances during this box. the quantity II of this sequence enhances the amount I when it comes to the present cutting-edge. diverse chapters during this quantity deal with assorted matters starting from genetically modifies algae to new items to life-cycle research of algal products.
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Extra info for Algal Biorefineries: Volume 2: Products and Refinery Design
J. Glass revoke the approval upon receipt of evidence that raises significant questions about the potential risk of the activity. The regulations provide some exemptions from TERA reporting for certain qualifying outdoor uses of modified microorganisms, but these exemptions are very limited, in covering only certain uses of the nitrogen-fixing bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Rhizobium (now Sinorhizobium) meliloti, species which were field tested in closely monitored experiments under EPA’s interim TSCA regulatory policy.
Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology Overview Regulatory frameworks have been developed in the United States and other countries to provide oversight over biotechnology and its commercial uses and to ensure that these potential environmental impacts are assessed. Because the earliest debates over biotechnology regulatory and public policy were often contentious or even confrontational, the perception developed within the industry that such government regulations were difficult to navigate, and that this, coupled with negative public opinion, placed significant barriers against the possible use of GMOs in industrial or agricultural applications, particularly those involving open environment use.
When a TERA is approved, the applicant must carry out the testing under the conditions and limitations described in the TERA application document, and also in accordance with any requirements or conditions included in EPA’s written approval. In most cases, it is likely that EPA will require applicants to conduct some form of monitoring, to detect the possible spread or dispersal of the microorganism from the test site, or to detect any other potential adverse environmental effects. EPA may require collection and submission of other data as well.
Algal Biorefineries: Volume 2: Products and Refinery Design by Aleš Prokop, Rakesh K. Bajpai, Mark E. Zappi
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