By Donald A. Ritchie
In 60 essays, this quantity profiles American newshounds from colonial instances to the present--reporters, editors, publishers, photographers, and broadcasters--whose careers mirrored significant advancements of their career and within the historical past of the USA. In a speech to Newsweek correspondents in 1963, writer Philip Graham defined journalism as "the first tough draft of history." those reporters faced and helped to form the dialogue of significant concerns and occasions in American historical past, from the yank revolution via abolition, westward enlargement, the Civil conflict, the civil rights circulation, immigration, and the women's circulation, in addition to significant constitutional concerns concerning the 1st modification safety of freedom of the click. Biographies of famous newshounds, from Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine to Walter Cronkite and Rupert Murdoch, seem along a few who will be much less commonly used, similar to Elias Boudinot, founding father of the 1st Cherokee language newspaper; Abraham Cahan, editor of the Jewish day-by-day ahead; and Daniel Craig, who within the 1830s used provider pigeons to ferry the inside track. different topics contain Margaret eco-friendly Draper, the innovative printer; Claude Barnett, founding father of the linked Negro Press; photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White; conflict correspondent Ernie Pyle; and Allen Neuharth, founding father of united states at the present time. Illustrations, truth bins, and quotations from the themes themselves make this quantity an vital reference for college students of yankee historical past in addition to a desirable learn. reporters profiled contain: Horace Greeley Frederick Douglass Mark Twain Thomas Nast Joseph Pulitzer Nellie Bly William Randolph Hearst Ida Wells-Barnett H. L. Mencken Dorothy Thompson Walter Winchell purple Smith Edward R. Murrow Walter Cronkite Bernard Shaw Cokie Roberts Manuel de Dios Unanue and lots of extra
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Between August and December of 1792 the two sides assailed each other steadily. Much of the fury was due to their uncertainty about whether President Washington would accept a second term. If he declined, then Jefferson and Hamilton might be candidates to succeed him. Each side did everything possible to stop the other. That fall, however, Washington reluctantly agreed to run for a second term, and he easily won reelection. Still, by appealing to public opinion the newspaper war made it clear that political parties were a reality, and that the public must choose sides.
Benjamin Franklin left most of his estate to Bache’s parents, but to Benny he left his printing supplies and equipment. Bache was determined to carry on his grandfather’s views, opposing aristocracy and slavery and promoting democratic government. In 1791 he married Margaret Markoe, whom he had courted for several years. Struggling financially, he had to ask his parents for assistance to permit him to marry. Later, after he and Margaret married, he wrote to his parents, “I am no longer Little Benjamin, I am the large, bearded Benjamin, and what is worse—married.
The 1790s were turbulent times in both the United States and Europe. The French Revolution erupted in 1793, making news that attracted readers but that increasingly divided them into pro- and anti-French camps. Learning that the king and queen had been executed, and of others who perished in the Reign of Terror, the Federalists worried that the excesses of the French Revolution might spill over into America. in a word the profession of honor, justice, candor, dignity and good faith, when dishonor, injustice, treachery, meanness and perfidy have given a hue to our public proceedings.
American Journalists: Getting the Story (Oxford Profiles) by Donald A. Ritchie
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